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  Clidemia hirta
  Citation:  Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don, Mem. Wern. Soc. 4: 309. 1823; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 184. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 164. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 194. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 140. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 124. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 267. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 221. 2005. Melastoma hirtum L., Sp. Pl. 390. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Soapbush, Koster's curse
  Description: Shrubs 0.5-3 m tall; young branches rounded, hirsute. Leaves opposite, 5-16 x 3-8 cm, ovate to oblong-ovate, apex acute to short-acuminate, base rounded to subcordate, subentire to crenulate-denticulate, 5-nerved, upper surface sparsely strigose, lower surface finely bristly, margins ciliate; petioles 0.5-3 cm long. Pedicels 0.5-1 mm long in fruit; hypanthium 3-3.5 mm long, moderately to sparsely finely bristly, usually with a mixture of gland-tipped and stellulate hairs; receptacle bearing a conspicuous ring of fimbriate scales surrounding style. Calyx lobes broadly ovate to truncate in fruit, ca. 0.5 mm long, the linear external teeth projecting 2-4 mm. Petals white, 8-11 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, glabrous. Staminal filaments ca. 2.5 mm long; anthers 3.5-4.5 mm long, dorsal spur at base ca. 0.25 mm long. Berries 6-9 mm long; seeds 0.5-0.75 mm long.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Degraded forest areas
  Distribution: Native of South America; naturalised in Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-600
  Localities: Pachakkanam, Kakki dam area, Anakkalvayal, Moozhiar, Pampa, Peppara
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