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  Clerodendrum indicum
  Citation:  Clerodendrum indicum (L.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 586. 1891; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 232. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 312. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 355. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 314. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 607. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 530. 1997; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 109. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 558. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 646. 2009. Siphonanthus indica L., Sp. Pl. 109. 1753. Clerodendrum siphonanthus R. Br. in Ait.f., Hort. Kew (ed. 2) 4: 65. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 595. 1985; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1100(770). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bowing Lady, India Tubeflower, Sky Rocket, Tubbeflower, Turk's Turbin,
  Description: Erect subshrubs to 2 m tall, stoloniferous; stem mostly unbranched, obtusely tetragonous, hollow. Leaves in whorls of 3-4, 7-22 x 2-4 cm, linear-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate to acute, margin entire or more or less toothed, apex acute or acuminate, sessile or subsessile. Flowers in terminal panicles. Bracts foliaceous resembling the leaves in all respects but smaller; bracteoles 5-12 x 2-3 mm, linear. Calyx 5-partite, red, broadly campanulate; tube 4-6 mm long; lobes 5, 6-10 mm long, ovate, apex acute. Corolla white, hypocrateriform; tube slender, 8-13 cm long, curved; lobes 8-15 mm long, oblong or ovate-oblong, obtuse, reflexed. Stamens 4, exserted; filaments purple, slender; anthers oblong, c. 2.5 mm long, purple. Sytle filiform, purple; stigma shortly bifid. Frit 4-lobed, blue-black, 1-1.3 cm across; pyrenes 1-4, 1-seeded; fruiting-calyx accrescent, fleshy, bright red.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Malappuram, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Scrub jungles
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia; cultivated in the warmer parts of the world
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Cherthala, Vadapuram
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