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  Cleidion javanicum
  Citation:  Cleidion javanicum Blume, Bijdr. 613. 1826; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 444. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1325(927). 1925; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 398. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 611. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 367. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 285. 2002; Kulju & van Welzen, Blumea 50: 202. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 134. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 729. 2009. Cleidion spiciflorum auct. non (Burm. f.) Merr., Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 322. 1917; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 361. 1984; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 344. 1995; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 424. 1990; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 440. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Yellari
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m high; bark greenish-white, smooth; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, ovate, acute, entire; petiole 15-70 mm long, slender, grooved above, swollen at base, glabrous; lamina 7.5-20 x 2.5-7.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-obovate; base acute, apex acuminate, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous; 2 glands at the base beneath; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, pale green. male flowers: in long slender axillary racemes; tepals 2-4 lobed, valvate; stamens many, in a globose mass on a conical receptacle; filaments free; anther cells transversely didymous on a broad connective; female flowers: single or in pairs on long axillary peduncle; pedicel 4-5 cm long, slender; tepals 3-5 lobed; lobes imbricate; ovary superior, 2-celled; ovules 1 in each cell; styles 2, connate at base, arms 2-3, filiform. Fruit a 2-lobed capsule, 10-12 x 12-25 mm, broader than long, globose; seeds 1 in each cell, 10-12 mm across, round, grey-black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Chimmini, Kokkara, Mullakkudy, Parambikulam, Kariamchola, Mannarappara, Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, Nedumkayam, Thenmalai, Vandalodu, Teppakulam
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