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  Cissus vitiginea
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Cissus vitiginea L., Sp. Pl. 117. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 234(167). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 120. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 135. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 126. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 121. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 72. 1999; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5:: 294. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 756. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 181. 2009. Vitis linnaei Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 126. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 649. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattumunthiri, Pannikuthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing, foetid shrubs; bark blackish to reddish; branchlets densely pubescent, swollen at nodes; tendril simple, bifid or branched. Leaves simple, 5-angular or deeply lobed, 4-8 x 4-7.5 cm, ovate-orbicular, base truncate to cordate, margin irregularly dentate, apex acute or obtuse, pubescent, basally 3-nerved; petiole to 6 cm long; stipules c. 2.5 mm long, triangular, pubescent. Flowers in axillary or leaf-opposed umbellate cymes; peduncle to 5 cm long. Calyx c. 2 mm long, cupular, pubescent. Petals 4, yellow; c. 2.5 mm long ovate, obtuse, recurved. Stamens 4; filaments green; anthers rotund, yellow. Disk more or less 4-lobed, yellow. Berry c.1 cm long, ovoid to obovoid, purplish-blue, pendulous. Seed 1, c. 7 mm long, ovoid.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-December
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Alampetty, Champakkad, Cheramangalam Dam area-Nemmara, Olavakkot, Vandanam
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