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  Cinnamomum wightii
  Citation:  Cinnamomum wightii Meisner in DC., Prodr. 15: 11. 1864; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 132. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1224(857). 1925; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 403. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 37. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 345. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 269. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 95. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 268. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 698. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattukaruva, Shanthamaram, Vellakodala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 8 m high, bark 5-10 mm, grey, smooth, thin, pustular, without aromatic smell; branchlets stiff, smooth, glabrous. Apical bud small, densely minutely sericeous. Leaves simple, opposite or spirally arranged, 3.5-20 x 2.5-7.5 cm, elliptic, ovate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-oblong, apex obtusely acute or obtusely shortly acuminate, base cuneate, slightly decurrent, margin entire, glabrous, glossy above, pale, subglaucous, smooth or obscurely, minutely pitted beneath, coriaceous; 3-5 or sometimes 7-ribbed from at or a little above the base, very slender, slightly prominulous, the side ribs reaching half to two third the lamina length, becomes obscure; intercostae scalariform, very faint; petiole 10-20 mm long, stout, flattened above. Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm long, densely fulvous-sericeous, in axillary and pseudo-terminal, short and compact but long peduncled panicle of 10-14 cm long; peduncle stout; branchlets few upto 1 cm, densely, minutely adpressed fulvous pilose; pedicel 5 mm long, thick, obconic. Perianth tube 1 m long, funnel shaped; tepals 6, 3-5 mm long, thick, ovate to oblong-ovate, acute. Stamens 9 perfect, in 3 rows, upto 2 mm long, those of first and second row opposite the perianth lobes, introrse and eglandular, those of third row opposite the first row, extrorse bearing large stipitate glands as long as filaments; filaments pilose, anthers 4-celled, broadly ovate; staminodes of fourth row opposite the second row, narrowly sagittate, pilose, stipitate, almost as long as the stamens. Ovary ellipsoid, half inferior; style as long with minute, peltate stigma. Fruit a berry, upto 1 x 1.5 cm, ellipsoid, subtended by fleshy obconical pedicel, margin 1 cm across bearing 0.5 mm long basal remnants of the tepals.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Wayanad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kannur
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 900-2600
  Localities: Pothumala, Kottamala, Pandaravarai, Damsite
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