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  Cinnamomum verum
  Citation:  Cinnamomum verum Presl, Prir. Rostl. 2: 36. t. 7. 1825; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 250. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 346. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 324. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 393. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 347. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 689. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 392. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 585. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 345. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 269. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 610. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 697. 2009. Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume, Bijdr. 568. 1826; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 131. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1224(857). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Edana, Elavangam, Erikkolam, Ilavargam, Kachakam, Karoon, Karuva, Kunthakaimaram, Santhamaram, Thamala, Vayana
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cinnamon, Cinnamomum
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark 8-10 mm thick, brown, rough, cracks vertical; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, 9.5-14 x 3.5-5.5 cm, ovate, elliptic ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, base acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 3-ribbed from base, prominent, glabrous; lateral nerves 3-6 pairs, obscure, pinnate, intercostae reticulate; petiole 8-20 mm, stout, glabrous, slightly grooved above. Flowers bisexual, in terminal and axillary, pedicel 7 mm long, pale yellow, 5 mm long, 6 mm across; perianth 8 mm, silky, tube campanulate, lobes 6, 3 mm long, oblong-lanceolate. Stamens 9 perfect, those of first and second rows opposite the perianth lobes, introrse and eglandular, those of third row opposite the first row, lateral, bearing 2 large glands at the base; staminodes 3, of the forth row opposite the second row, cordate and stipitate. Ovary half inferior, sessile. Fruit a berry, 1-2 cm, ellipsoid to oblong-ovoid, dark purple, surrounded by the enlarged perianth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and riparian forests, also cultivated
  Distribution: South West India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Pattikkad, Olippara, Mlappara, Thekkady, Kannoth, Karimbam, Panathur, Kasaragod, Karuvarakundu, Choolatheruvu
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