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  Cinnamomum keralaense
  Citation:  Cinnamomum keralaense Kosterm., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 25: 98. 1983; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 344. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 267. 2002. Cinnamomum litseaefolium sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 133. 1886, non Thw. 1861.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karuva
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bole buttressed; bark 15 mm thick, grey, thin, brittle, smooth with pustular lenticels, often hoop-ringed, odourless and tasteless or with very faint smell; branchlets glabrous, smooth. Apical bud small, conical, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite and subopposite, estipulate; petiole 15-25 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 6.5-12.5 x 3-6.5 cm, ovate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base acute or some times cuneately decurrent into the petiole, apex obtuse or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, smooth and glossy above, pale beneath, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from a little above the base, side ribs reaches 2/3rd of the lamina, prominent; intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers bisexual, 6 mm across, in axillary and pseudo terminal, 5-10 cm long slender, lax pubescent panicles; pedicels 4 mm long, slender, pubescent; tepals 6, ovate, obtuse, densely tomentose; stamens 9 perfect, those of first and second rows opposite the perianth lobes, introrse and eglandular, those of third row opposite the first row, lateral, bearing 2 large glands at the base; staminodes 3, of the forth row opposite the second row, cordate and stipitate. Fruit a berry, upto 8 x 20 mm, narrow ellipsoid; cupular, subconical, slightly fleshy, rather thin, upto 5-6 mm height and upto 8 mm diameter at the rim, which bears 0.5 mm high seriaceous bases of tepals.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Pamba, Chenthamara, Pandaravarai
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