Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Chloroxylon swietenia
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Chloroxylon swietenia DC., Prodr. 1: 625. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 569. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 152(109). 1915; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 355. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 55. 1999; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 588. 2005. Swietenia chloroxylon Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1: 46, t. 64. 1796.
  Malayalam Name(s): Purushu, Varimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Satin wood, Indian satinwood tree
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 15 m high; bark dark-brown, fissured, rough, blaze yellow with pungent smell; branchlets and rachis pubescent. Leaves pinnate, alternate; rachis to 10 cm, slender, pubescent when young; leaflets 12-40, subsessile, alternate; lamina 1-2 x 0.4-0.7 cm, oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse; margin entire, chartaceous, glands dotted, glabrous, dull bluish-green; midrib of leaflet near the lower margin, nerves obscure. Flowers bisexual, pubescent, white, in axillary and terminal panicles; calyx short; lobes 5, 1-1.5 mm; petals 5, 4 x 2 mm, clawed, gland dotted on the outer surface; disc 10 lobed; stamens 10, free, inserted, between lobes; ovary immersed in disc, 3 lobed, 3-celled, ovules 4-8 in each cell. Fruit a capsule, 2.5 x 1 cm, loculicidal; seeds many, 15-18 mm long, flat, winged apically.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-October
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and Madagascar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Gellimala, Marayur
Kerala News Online