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  Ceiba pentandra
  Citation:  Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 244,t.133. 1791; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 50. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 93. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 67. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 80. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 77. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 87. 1990; M.P. Nayar & Biswas in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 400. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 38. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 65. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 97. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 41. 1997; S.K. Srivastava & K. Vivek. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 446. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 135. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 160. 2009. Bombax pentandrum L., Sp. Pl. 511. 1753. Eriodendron anfractuosum DC., Prodr. 1: 479. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 350. 1874. Eriodendron pentandrum (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2. Nat. Hist. 43: 113. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 100(72). 1915. Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. var. indica (DC.) Bakh. f., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser.3, 6: 195. 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s): Dayna, Kapok, Panjimaram, Poola
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Kapok tree, White cotton tree, Silk Cotton Tree
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, buttressed at base; bark green or greenish-grey, peeling off in round bosses; exudation red, watery, sticky; branches horizontal in whorls. Leaves digitately compound, alternate, gathered towards the apex of branchlets; rachis 5-20 cm, slender, glabrous, swollen tip and base; leaflets 5-9; petiolule 3-8 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 4.5-14.5 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic, obovate-oblong or ovate-oblong, base acute or cuneate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 5-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, creamy white, usually in clusters of 3-10, axillary or grouped towards the ends of leafless branchlets, rarely solitary, axillary; pedicels 2-4 cm long, stout, glabrous; calyx green, campanulate, ca. 1 cm long, irregularly 4-5 lobed, coriaceous, glabrous outside, silky pubescent inside, persistent; petals 5, 2.5-4 x 1-1.5 cm, creamy white, obovate-spathulate, adnate to the base of staminal tube, tomentose out side except at the base pubescent near the apex inside, imbricate; staminal tube divided into 5 phalanges, each dividing again into 2 filiform branches bearing 2-3 anafractose, 1-locular twisted anthers; ovary superior, globular or ovoid, yellow, sessile, tomentose at apex; 5-locular, ovules many in each locule, on axil placenta; style white, filiform at base, suddenly obliquely enlarged above the stamens; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule 7.5-25 x 3-4 cm, ellipsoid to fusiform, green when young, become brown, narrowed at both ends, indehiscent or tardily dehiscing into 5 valves, septa membranous; seeds numerous, subpyriform, black with copious white silky fibres, testa brown to blackish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Throughout the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Karivara slopes, Pathirapally, Karuvarakundu, Thenmalai
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