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  Casuarina equisetifolia
 
  Family: CASUARINACEAE
  Citation:  
  Malayalam Name(s): Aru, Chavukku, Chavakkamaram, Choola, Kattadi, Sampirani
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Australian pine, Beefwood tree, Beach she-oak, Casuarina tree, Coast she-oak, Horsetail tree, Mile tree, South Sea ironweed
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 30 m high, bark brown, rough, peeling off in vertical strips branchlets to 15 cm, arising from the axils of small, recurved scales, ribbed. Leaves scaly, ca. 7 at a node, alternating with the ribs of the upper node, 0.5-1 mm long, acute. Flowers in spikes; male flowers: in terminal spikes, pendulous, brown, of 3-6 x 0.3 cm; tepals 2, 1 mm, lanceolate, scarious, thinly ciliate, acute; stamen 1, inflexed in bud; filaments 1-2 mm; anther oblong, 1 mm; female flowers: in axillary spikes of 0.4-0.8 x 0.3-0.4 cm, solitary or in pairs, condensed into an ovoid` cone', shortly stalked; bracts and bracteoles 1.5-2 mm, persistent, woody; tepals absent; ovary superior, 1 mm, ovoid; style 0.5-0.8 cm; style filiform, persistent, reddish-purple, 2-fid. Fruit a carpophore, 1.5-3 x 1-2 cm, ovoid or oblong-cylindric; nutlets compressed; seeds winged.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Malay Islands, Australia, Pacific
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Tellicherry, Kumbla, Manjeswar, Malampuzha, Mangalam Dam area, Thottappally, Elderslide Estate
   
 
   
 
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