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  Cassia roxburghii
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Cassia roxburghii DC., Prodr. 2: 489. 1825; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 20. 1992; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 47. 2001; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 262. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 331. 2009. Cassia marginata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 338. 1832, non Willd.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 262. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 401(284). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadakonna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Red Cassia
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bark brown; branchlets velvety pubescent. Leaves paripinnate, alternate; stipules ovate, lateral, muriculate, cauducous; rachis 14-25 cm long, slender, pulvinate, pubescent; leaflets 16-30, subopposite, estipellate; petiolule to 2 mm, puberulent; lamina 1.5-4.5 x 1-2 cm, elliptic-oblong or ovate, base oblique or subacute, apex obtuse, retuse or mucronate, margin entire, glabrous above, puberulent beneath, coriaceous, lateral nerves10-16 pairs, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, flame coloured, 2.5 cm across, in axillary corymbose racemes to 8 cm; pedicels to 1 cm; calyx lobes 5, 4-7 mm, ovate, obtuse; petals 5, 1.5-2 cm, pink to rose, turning yellow or orange, ovate- oblong, concave, pubescent without, clawed; stamens 10, the lower 3 filaments 2.5-3 cm long, curved; others shorter; upper 3 short with reduced filaments and anthers; 4-medium with erect filaments; ovary half inferior, stipitate, 2 cm, pubescent, ovules many; style to 6 mm. Fruit a pod, 20-30 x 2 cm long, oblong, terete, torulose, black, indehiscent; seeds many, transverse, imbedded in dry pith.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Native of Sri Lanka, common in Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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