Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Casearia thwaitesii
  Citation:  Casearia thwaitesii Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Geneve 62. 1898; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 397. 1993; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 266. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 122. 2009. Casearia coriacea Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 20. 1858; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 521(368). 1919; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 60. 1994; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 52. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 17. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 72. 2002, non Vent. 1803.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees to 12 m tall; bark yellowish-white, smooth, lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 3.5-9 x 2-4.5 cm, obovate, apex obtuse or obtusely acute, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire, glabrous above, glaucous beneath, subcoriaceous, pellucid gland dotted; lateral veins 5-6 pairs, pinnate, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent; petiole 5-15 mm, slender, glabrous, red when young; stipules small, lateral, cauducous. Flowers bisexual, small, 5 mm across, greenish-yellow, 3-6 together in axillary fascicles. Calyx 4 lobed; lobes obovate, obtuse, persistent. Petals absent. Stamens 8, alternating with as many staminodes, forming a ring attached below to the calyx tube, tufted at their apex; filaments 1.5 mm long, subulate, pubescent. Ovary terete, 1-celled, ovules 4; style simple. Fruit a succulent capsule, ovoid, smooth, greenish-yellow; seeds many.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-March
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Kannur
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1400-1800
  Localities: Uppermanalar, Agastyarkudam, Agasthymala peak, Pongalapara
Kerala News Online