Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Carmona retusa
  Citation:  Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masamune, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 30: 61. 1940; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 257. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 459. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 302. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 310. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 204. 1999. Cordia retusa Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 42. 1791. Ehretia microphylla Lam., Illustr. 1: 425. 1792; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 891(626). 1923. Carmona microphylla (Lam.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 391. 1837-1838. Ehretia buxifolia Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 57. 1796; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 144. 1883.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kuranguvettila
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Philippine tea
  Description: Shrubs, to 2 m tall; twigs glabrous to sparsely strigillose. Leaves mostly fasciculate on short, spur-like branches, occasionally alternate, to 4.0 x 1.5 cm wide, often small, spathulate, retuse and/or with 2-7 teeth at apex, the bases attenuate, somewhat coriaceous, uniformly scabrate above, the trichomes with cystolith-like bases; subsessile. Inflorescence mostly solitary and axillary. Flowers small, subsessile; pedicels c. 2 mm long. Sepals 5, slightly connate basally, spathulate, 3-3.5 mm long, to 4 mm in fruit. Corolla salverform, white, tube shallow, 5-lobed, the lobes c. 3 mm long. Stamens exserted, anthers c. 1.2-1.6 mm long; filaments 1.5 mm long. Ovary globose; the style slender and elongate, cleft below the middle; stigmas scarcely differentiated. Fruit drupaceous, globose, 3.5-4 mm in diam, 4-seeded, not separating at maturity.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Idukki, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Attapady block-Mukkali, Panangotteri
Kerala News Online