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  Careya arborea
  Citation:  Careya arborea Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 218. 1811; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 511. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 488(345). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 108. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 183. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 160. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 108. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 184. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 163. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 252. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 201. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 193. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 136. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 186. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 125. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 267. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 140. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 124. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 266. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 220. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 292. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 365. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aalam, Alasoo, Peru, Pezhu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Kumbi, Patana oak, Slow match tree, Wild guava
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 12 m high, bark 10-12 mm thick, brownish, rough, exfoliations small, more or less triangular; fibrous; branchlets pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, 15-30 x 5-15 cm, obovate, oblong-obovate, apex round or shortly acuminate, base cuneate or attenuate and decurrent on petiole, margin crenate-serrate, glabrous, membranous; petiole 10 mm long, slender, pubescent; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, greenish-white,, 5-10 mm across, in terminal spikes; peduncle woody; bracts 3, unequal. Calyx tube campanulate, glabrous, adnate to ovary and not produced beyond the ovary; lobes 4, ovate, imbricate. Petals 4, elliptic-oblong, revolute along margin, cauducous; disc annular. Stamens numerous in several rows, slightly connate at base, inserted on the top of calyx; filaments subulate, purple, exserted, inner and outer rows without anthers. Ovary inferior, 4-5-celled, ovules many in each cell; style long, filiform; stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, 5-7.5 cm across, globose, green, pericarp fibrous, crowned with sepals and style.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-750
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Anappadi, Valiyaparathode, Chathanathara, Chandanathode, Taliparamba, Mangalam Dam area, Kunthipuzha dam site area, Ayyappankovil-Pothundy, Mulleria, Chettikulangara, Kanjirakadavu, Thenmalai, Ettapadappu, Kulathupuzha, Bonaccord
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