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  Capparis tenera
  Citation:  Capparis tenera Dalz., Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 41. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 179. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 46(34). 1915; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 61. 1985; Sundararagh. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 297. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 40. 1996; R. Sundara. & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 235. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 115. 2009. Capparis tenera Dalz. var. zeylanica Hook.f. & Thoms. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 179. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent shrubs, to 4 m high, with spreading branches, glabrous; thorns strongly recurved, sharp, 2-4 mm long. Leaves alternate, distichous, ovate-elliptic or obovate-oblong, rounded or subcordate at base, acute to abruptly caudate-acuminate with 8-10 mm long blunt tip at apex, 4-7 x 2.5-4 cm, membranous, subcoriaceous, glaucous; lateral nerves 4 or 5 pairs with obscure reticulations; petioles 2.5-6 mm long. Flowers in supra-axillary serial rows of 1-4 flowers, 8-12 mm across, white, fragrant; pedicels filiform, 1.5-5 mm long, glabrous, not incrassate in fruit. Sepals subequal, deflexed, green, purple-tinged; outer pair ovate, boat shaped, acute, largely covering inner pair, 4.5-6 x 2.2-2.5 mm, ciliate at margin, pubescent inside; inner pair elliptic-lanceolate, puberulous towards base. Petals oblong or ovate-oblong, acute, 5.5-7 x 1.8-2 mm, white with a red basal blotch on upper pair, tomentose. Stamens 8-15; filaments 14-20 mm long, white; anthers bluish. Gynophore filiform, 14-20 mm long, glabrous, white, not incrassate. Ovary pyriform, 1.5-1.8 x 5-8 mm, purple-tinged; stigma knob like. Fruits pisiform or subglobose, sometimes pointed at apex, 8-12 mm long; pericarp thin, deep orange or red when ripe; seeds 3 or 4, ca 5 x 4 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand and extending to Tropical Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhani, Taliparamba
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