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  Capparis cleghornii
  Citation:  Capparis cleghornii Dunn ex Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 46(33). 1915; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 46. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 55. 1990; Sundararagh. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 263. 1993; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 19. 2000; R. Sundara. & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 226. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 114. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent shrubs, ca 2 m high; twigs purplish, flagellate, fulvous-pubescent, densely armed with sharp recurved thorns. Leaves alternate, elliptic or obovate, acute at base, abruptly blunt-acuminate at apex, 3.5-10 x 2-5 cm, subcoriaceous, pinkish when tender, dull greenish when dry; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs with obscure reticulations; petioles 6-10 mm long. Flowers showy, white, purple on ageing, to 5 x 3.5 -4.5 cm, in terminal 6-10 flowered corymbs, rarely solitary, axillary or conferted in subterminal shoots; pedicels 2.5-4 cm long, pubescent; buds tomentose. Sepals subequal, concave, 10-12 x 7-8 cm, pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Petals obovate or oblong, unequal; upper pair 2.2-2.5 x 1-1.2 cm; lower pair 1.6-1.8 x 1.2-1.4 cm, puberulous at base. Receptacle 2.5-3 mm across. Stamens 65-80, white turning pink or scarlet; filaments 2.5-2.8 cm long. Gynophore 2.5-3.5 cm long, glabrous. Ovary ovoid, 3-3.5 x ca 2 mm, glabrous, purple. Fruits on slender stalks, ovoid or subglobose, umbonate, 6-8.5 cm long, dark purplish to violet; seeds 1-4, obovoid or orbicular, dorsally compressed, 1.5-1.8 x 1.4-1.5 cm, embedded in scarlet pulp.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-October
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Palakkad, Kannur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Along the margins of semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Rose, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: South India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-900
  Localities: Chandanathode, Mukkali forests, Muthappanpuzha
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