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  Cananga odorata
  Citation:  Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thoms. Fl. Ind. 130. 1855 & Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 56. 1872; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 27. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 65. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 58. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 6. 1990; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 254. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 45. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 34. 1996; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 49. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 140. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 75. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 103. 2009. Uvaria odorata Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 1:595.1785. Canangium odoratum (Lam.) Baill. ex King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 61: 41. 1892.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuchempakam, Kanangamaram, Langilangi, Madana, Pachachempakam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Langilangi, Maramar, Perfume Tree, Ylang ylang
  Description: Trees, 15-20 m tall; bole straight, bark greyish-white, blaze creamy yellow, branches spreading, minutely puberulous with greyish, crispate, mostly fascicled hairs when young, glabrate with age. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm long, slender, grooved above, minutely puberulous; lamina 9-21 x 4-9 cm, oblong, elliptic, ovate or elliptic-lanceolate; base obtuse or oblique; apex acuminate or acute; margin entire, undulate, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-11 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, obscure. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-green, fragrant, to 6 cm across, several in peduncled, axillary cymes; bracts subulate, 1-2 mm long, puberulous on both sides, cauducous; pedicel 2-5 cm long, slender; sepals 3, 4-6 mm long, ovate, pubescent, reflexed, shortly connate at base; petals 6 (3 + 3), 3.5-5 x 0.5-1.5 cm, green, turning yellow, linear or lanceolate, valvate, puberulous; inner ones smaller, subequal; torus some what convex; stamens many, closely arranged, to 3.5 mm, connectives broadly appendaged, acute, concealing anthers; carpels many, glabrous at the very base, ovules many attached to the suture, stylules slender, terminated by a club-shaped stigma. Fruit aggregate of berry, 3-15 in a cluster, 1-15 x 0.5-1 cm, globose, glabrous, pulpy, black; seeds 2-12, transversely compressed, yellowish-brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Myanmar to Australia and New Zealand, through Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Trivandrum, Aroor
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