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  Calophyllum austroindicum
  Citation:  Calophyllum austroindicum Kosterm. ex Stevens, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 250. 1980; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 18. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 69. 1990; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 90. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 69. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 51. 1996; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 330. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 133. 2009. Calophyllum trapezifolium sensu Anders. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 275. 1874, non Thw. 1858; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 76 (55). 1915; Mahesh., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 144. 1960.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tree, 15-30 m tall; bark pale brown to yellowish; branchlets usually 4-angled; young branches minutely rusty-pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-8.5 x 1.2-4.2 cm, elliptic, subrhomboid to obovate or oblanceolate, subacute or shortly and bluntly acuminate at apex, cuneate to acute at base, slightly undulate, recurved and margined, rounded, retuse, rigid, sometimes olivaceous; midnerve channelled above, raised beneath; lateral nerves 5-10(-15) pairs, more or less prominent on both surfaces; petioles (3-) 5-8 mm long, channelled above, glabrous or minutely rusty-pubescent. Racemes axillary, 3-8 cm long, 7-17 flowered, glabrous; peduncles 3-7.5 cm long, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, ca 2 cm across; pedicels 6-15 mm long, glabrous. Sepals 4, subequal; outer pair suborbicular, 3.7-5 x 3.5-6 mm; the inner broadly elliptic, ca 6 x 4 mm. Petals 4, rarely 6, elliptic or oblong to obovate, obtuse, 4-9 x 1.5-6 mm. Stamens 100-125; filaments ca 4.5 mm long; anthers elliptic to oblong, cordate, truncate or oblique at base, 0.7-1.3 x 0.4-0.8 mm. Ovary globose, 2-3 mm; styles 1.5-3.5 mm long; stigmas peltate, 3-radiate, 0.7-1 mm across. Berries ovoid, beaked at apex, 3-4.3 x 1.6-2.7 cm; stone ellipsoid, ca 2.5 x 1.5 cm, smooth; stalks 1.2-1.7 cm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur, Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sholayar, Walakkad, Walayar, Chemungi
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