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  Calamus dransfieldii
  Citation:  Calamus dransfieldii Renuka, Kew Bull. 42: 433. 1987; Renuka & Sasidh., RIC Bulletin 9: 4. 1990; Renuka, Palms Kerala 23. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 744. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Solitary or clustering, moderate-sized rattans, climbing high up to the canopy of trees; stem to 8 m long, with sheaths 3-5 cm diameter, without sheaths 2-5 cm, internodes to 23 cm long. Leaf sheath pale green, sparingly spiny; spines to 1 cm long, with a bulbous base; knee conspicuous; ochrea absent; flagellum 6 m long. Leaf ecirrate, to 2 m long; petiole to 55 cm, armed with spines to 5 mm; rachis armed with distant row of spines to 0.5 mm; leaflets pale green, long-acuminate, narrowly lanceolate, regularly arranged, 45 x 2 cm; veins ciliate on both surfaces, cilia to 2 cm; leaf tips armed with short bristles. Inflorescence flagellate, male and female inflorescence superficially similar, to 3.5 m long with up to 4-5 partial inflorescence each to about 20 cm long, branching once in each sex; subtending bracts closely sheathing, prolonged at the distal end into a lanceolate point, densely armed with small spines to 1 cm long; rachillae to 3 cm long, subtending bracts cylindrical at the base and expanded into a cup at the upper region. Staminate flower about 8 mm long, stamens 6; filaments shortly epipetalous; anthers medi-fixed; pistillode present. Female flowers to 4 mm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Dhoni R. F., Koviltherimala
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