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  Calamus brandisii
  Citation:  Calamus brandisii Becc. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 448. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1567(1093). 1931; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 352. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 467. 1998; Renuka, Palms Kerala 21. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 744. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kazhakhadan, Vallichooral
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Clustering small sized canes; stems to 4 m long, with sheath to 1.5 cm diam. without sheath, 0.6 cm; sheath pale green, densely armed with small spines and intermediate with large spines, to 2 cm long, flat, greenish-brown, inner sparsely brown-tomentose, knee conspicuous; ocrea short and bearing narrow spines; mouth of the sheath with long papery spines, to 8 cm long. Leaves to 60 cm long, greenish brown when dry; petiole to 10 cm long; armed with spines; spines to 2 cm long; leaflets alternate or subopposite, acuminate; tip and margins with small hairs, terminal pairs free at base; flagellum to 1 m long, armed with hooked spines. Male and female inflorescence up to 1 m long, carries 3 partial inflorescence to 20 cm long, arising above the mouth of the sheath. Rachillae 5-8 pairs, distichous, 3 cm long, involucrophorum not stalked, involucre cupular. Fruit 1 x 0.9 cm, sub-ovoid, scales 15 rows, broader than long, bordered with reddish brown line.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-May
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Idukki, Kollam
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 500-1500
  Localities: Pandimotta, Chokkampetti, Boneccord, Agasthiyarmalai, Cheenikkala, Bonaccord, Attayar, Athirumala
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