Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Cajanus cajan
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. Field Columbian Mus. Bot. ser. Chicago 2: 53. 1900; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 91. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 139. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 141. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 166. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 177. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 100. 1992; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 206. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 159. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 201. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 267. 2009. Cytisus cajan L., Sp. Pl. 739. 1753. Cajanus indicus Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 248. 1826; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 217. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 369(261). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adhaki, Kakshi, Thuvara, Thuvaraparippu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Congo pea, Pigeon-pea, Red gram
  Description: Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Flowers in axillary pseudo-racemes, rarely also terminal. Calyx golden tomentose and glandular, persistent in fruit. Standard petal yellow, 12-17 mm long, often reddish-lined or orange to purple externally; wings yellow, keel yellowish-green tinged orange to purple. Stamens diadelphous, anthers uniform. Pods 4-10 x.0.5-1 cm, yellow or green striped with maroon or dark purple, straight to sickle-shaped, pubescent and glandular, weakly septate within; seeds 2-9, cream or reddish brown, slightly laterally flattened, 4-9 x 3-8 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Common in plains, cultivated
  Distribution: Worldwide
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chittar, Olathala, Saivila
Kerala News Online