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  Caesalpinia pulcherrima
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Swartz, Obs. 166.1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:288.1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 394(279). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 99. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 161. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 217. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 13. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 171. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 121. 1995; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 252. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 331. 2009. Poinciana pulcherrima L., Sp. Pl. 380. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chethimandaram, Chettimandaram, Mayilkonna, Thechimandaram, Rajamalli, Settimandaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Dwarf poinciana, Barbados pride, Peacock flower, Barbados flower-fence, Gold Mohur
  Description: Branching shrubs to 5 m tall. Leaves bipinnate; rachis 20-30 cm long; pinnae 4-8 pairs; leaflets 6-8 pairs on each pinna, 1-2 x 0.5-1.2 cm, elliptic to obovate, base cuneate, apex rounded or emarginate; stipules, c. 2 mm long, subulate, caducous. Flowers in terminal corymbose racemes, 20-50 cm long; pedicles 3-7 cm long. Calyx 1-1.5 cm long, outer lobe cucullate, enclosing the flower bud. Petals 1.5-2.5 cm long, subequal, commonly flame-red but sometimes yellow. Stamens 10; filaments reddish, 0.5 cm long, exserted. Pods 6-12 x 1.5-2 cm, obliquely oblong, compressed, short-stipitate, beaked at apex, 8-10-seeded. Seeds 8-10 x 6-8 mm, obovate, compressed, black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Probably native in Tropical America; now widely cultivated
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Karthikapally, Ariankavu
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