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  Caesalpinia crista
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Caesalpinia crista L., Sp. Pl. 380. 1753; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 161. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 141. 1985; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 10. 1992; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 251. 2009. Caesalpinia nuga (L.) Ait.f., Hort. Kew (ed.2) 73: 32. 1811; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 255. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 394(279). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 98. 1982. Guilandina nuga L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 546. 1762.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aattuparanda, Kakamullu, Manjapoovalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: A large, prickly, prostrate or climbing, evergreen shrub upto 20 m tall. Branchlets finely grey-downy, armed with hooked and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves alternate, bipinnate, 30-60 cm long, pinnae usually 6-8 pairs, 5-7.5 cm long with a pair of hooked stipulary spines at the base; leaflets 6-12 pairs per pinna, 2-3.8 cm long and 1.3-2.2 cm wide, membranous, elliptic-oblong, base rounded to acute, apex mucronate, margins curved, upper surface shiny, lower dull; petioles prickly; stipules a pair of reduced pinnae at the base of each leaf, 0.5-2 cm long, each with a long mucronate point. Flowers yellow, fragrant, borne in axillary and terminal racemes 15-60 cm long; bracts squarrose, linear, acute, to 1 cm long, fulvous-hairy; calyx 6-8 mm long, lobes obovate-oblong, obtuse; petals oblanceolate, yellow. Fruits(pods) somewhat swollen, oblong, 5-7.5 cm long and c. 4.5 cm wide, prickly, dark brown to black, 1 or 2-seeded, beaked. Seeds orbicular or ovoid to reniform, black, polished, hard.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Kollam
  Habitat: Deciduous forests and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Polynesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chimmini, Taliparamba, Payyanur, Perumbalam
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