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  Caesalpinia bonduc
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 362. 1832; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 9. 1992; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 161. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 229. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 120. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 110. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 106. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 250. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 320. 2009. Guilandina bonduc L., Sp. Pl. 381. 1753. Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Flem., Asiat. Res. 11: 159. 1810; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 254. 1878. Caesalpinia crista sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 393(278). 1919, non L. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kalimarakam, Kazhanji, Kazhanchikkuru
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Fever nut, Physic nut, Bonduc nut
  Description: Scandent shrubs; stems armed with recurved prickles. Leaves bipinnate, to 50 cm long; pinnae 4-5 pairs; leaflets 5-8 pairs per pinna, 2-5 x 0.8-2.2 cm, ovate or elliptic-oblong, base rounded, apex obtuse, mucronate; petiole to 15 cm long; stipules 0.8-1.7 cm long, foliaceous, lobed or pinnate. Racemes supra-axillary or terminal, many-flowered, to 15 cm long. Flowers c.1.5 cm across; pedicels 2-5 mm long; bracts 6-8 x 1-2 mm, lanceolate, caducous. Calyx lobes 5, separate almost to the base, 5-8 mm long, oblong or obovate, pubescent. Petals yellow as long as the sepals, oblanceolate, reflexed; upper one smaller. Stamens 10; filaments villous. Ovules 2. Pods 4.5-9 x3.5-4.5 cm, elliptic, turgid, beaked, covered with straight, puberulent spines. Seeds 1 or 2, 1-1.5 cm across, subglobose, greyish-white.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chimmini, Poonkavanam, Koruthode, Kottayali, Alleppey town, Nellikuth
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