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  Buchanania lanceolata
  Citation:  Buchanania lanceolata Wight, Ic. t. 237. 1839; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 24. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 259(184). 1918; N.C. Nair & Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 234. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 128. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 127. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 82. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 79. 1997; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh.in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 442. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 145. 2005; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 800. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kulamavu, Malamavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark dark grey, smooth; blaze red; exudation resinous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 20-25 mm, slender, grooved above; lamina 10-23.5 x 2.5-4.5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic-oblanceolate, elliptic-obovate, linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 13-20 pairs, pinnate, ascending, prominent, secondary laterals prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, 2-3 mm across, in axillary and terminal rusty tomentose panicles; calyx short; lobes 3-5 fid, ovate, pubescent, persistent, imbricate; petals 4-5, ovate-obtuse, reflexed, glabrous; stamens 8-10, 1.2 mm long, free, inserted at the base of disc; filaments subulent; anthers sagittate; disc thick, 8-10 crenate; carpels 5-6, free, superior, seated in the cavity of the disc, only one fertile, hairy at base, ovule pendulous from a basal funicle; style short; stigma truncate. Fruit a drupe, 18 mm long, laterally compressed, 2 valved, red.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Localities: Kattalappara, Kodumon, Chavara, Parur, Vandalodu
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