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  Bruguiera sexangula
  Citation:  Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 4: 262. 1816; Anupama & Sivad., Rheedea 14: 22. 2004. Rhizophora sexangula Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 297. 1790. Bruguiera eriopetala Wight & Arn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 1: 368. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 438. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 458(325). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Swarnakandal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 6 m high; bole occasionally buttressed sometimes with stilt roots, underground roots produce numerous knee roots; bark grey to pale brown, with few large corky lenticels; branchlets terete, glabrous, reddish-green, with conspicuous narrow thin, brown stipular scar enclosing the node. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, stipulate; stipules interpetiolar, 3-4 cm long, green or yellowish; petiole 18-35 mm long, stout, terete, grooved above, orange-yellow; lamina 8-13 ×4-6 cm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, base cuneate, apex acute, glabrous, coriaceous, reddish-green above, pale green beneath; lateral nerves 9-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, reddish-orange, 2.5-3.5-2.6 cm long, axillary, solitary, drooping, pedicels 6-12 mm long, stout, glabrous, yellow or brownish; calyx tube ribbed to the base, glabrous, lobes 10-14, to 1.8 cm long, narrow, thick, fleshy, glabrous, persistent; petals 10-14, free, to 1.5 cm long, shortly stalked, white when young, changing gradually to brown, deeply bilobed with a bristle in the snius of the lobes; lobes equal, tip acute with vestiges of 1-3 cilia on each, outer margin of the petal fringed from the base to the apex with dense, stiff, white, silky hairs; stamens in pairs of unequal length, filaments 5-6 mm long; anthers 4-5 mm long, basifixed, mucronate, lobes slightly unequal; ovary half inferior, inserted within and fused with the calyx cup, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell, pendulous; style 1.5 cm long, filiform; stigma 3-4 fid. Fruit a drupe, reddish-green, 2-2.5 cm long, conoid, with erect calyx lobes; seed one; hypocotyl 10-15 x 1.2 cm, cylindric, with blunt tip, surface slightly ridged.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Kollam, Ernakulam
  Habitat: Mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Orange
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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