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  Bruguiera cylindrica
  Citation:  Bruguiera cylindrica (L.) Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1: 93. 1827; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 459(325). 1919; Anupama & Sivad., Rheedea 14: 20. 2004; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 276. 2009. Rhizophora cylindrica L., Sp. Pl. 443. 1753. Bruguiera malabarica Arn., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1: 369. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 438. 1878.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kuttikandal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 6 m high; occasionally buttressed; under ground roots producing numerous knee roots; bark grey, cracked, lenticellate; branchlets terete, glabrous, with conspicuous, narrow, stipular scars. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, stipulate; stipules inter petiolar, to 3.5 cm long, golden yellow; petiole 10-30 mm long, terete, glabrous, stout, grooved above; lamina 4-13 x 2-5.5 cm, elliptic or oblanceolate, base cuneate, apex acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, bronze-green coloured above, pale green beneath; lateral nerve 6-9 pairs, parallel, slender, looped near the margin, secondary lateral numerous, obscure, intercostae reticulate, obscure. flowers bisexual, greenish-white, 1.6 x 0.9-1.2 cm, in axillary cymes, usually of 3-flowered, rarely branched with upto 6 flower; peduncle 0.8-0.5 cm long, terete, glabrous; flowers usually sessile, rarely middle flowers pedicellate; calyx tube, campanulate, smooth, glabrous, greenish-white; lobes 6-9, each 5 mm long, narrow, thick, fleshy, glabrous; petals 6-9, 3.5 mm long, free, white, apically bilobed, with a long bristle in the sinus of the lobes, lobes equal, tip more or less round with 3 or 4 cilia on each, margin densely hairy in the lower half and at the base except the stalk; stamens 10, in pairs of unequal length, filaments 2-2.5 mm long, terete, anthers basifixed, mucronate; ovary half inferior, inserted and fused with the calyx cup, 2-celled, ovules 2 in each, pendulous; style 6 mm long, filiform; stigma bifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.5 cm long, reddish-green, calyx lobes reflexed; seed one; hypotyle 10-16 x 6 mm, cylindric, surface slightly ridged, green with brownish tinge.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-October
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Ernakulam, Kozhikkode, Kannur, Kasaragode, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Malappuram
  Habitat: Mangrove swamps
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Thrikkunnapuzha
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