Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Broussonetia papyrifera
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Broussonetia papyrifera Vent., Table Regne Veg. 3: 547. 1799; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 490. 1888; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 458. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 662. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 308. 2002. Ficus palmata Forssk. ssp. virgata sensu Abdul Kader, J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 33: 339. 2009, non (Roxb.) Browcz 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Paper mulberry, Tapa cloth tree
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 18 m high, bark smooth, grey, fibrous; latex white; young parts tomentose. Leaves alternate; stipules 6-7 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, membranous, denticulate; petiole 3-10 cm long, slender, tomentose; lamina 4-20 x 1.5-11 cm, ovate, elliptic or lanceolate, base oblique, cordate or truncate, apex acuminate, margin serrate or dentate, scabrous above and hirsute beneath, membranous; 3-ribbed from the base, lateral nerves 4-15 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual; male flowers: in 20-60 mm long spikes with sterile tip on one side; bracts 1-1.3 mm long, ovate, acute; tepals 4, joined in the lower half; stamens 4, inflexed in bud; pistillode spicate, minute; female flowers : in axillary globose heads to 5-8 mm wide; peduncle 2-5 mm long; bracts 1-1.3 mm long, subpeltate-clavate, with minutely hooked hairs; perianth saccate with 4 short lobes; ovary superior, sessile; style 1, puberulous. Sorosis 10-25 mm wide, orange-red, more or less pulpy; achenes 1.7-2.5 mm long, ovoid-compressed, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Malappuram, Wayanad, Thrissur
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Malesia, China and Japan; introduced in India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kuriarkutty, Kanjirakadavu
Kerala News Online