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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Brassica nigra
 
  Family: BRASSICACEAE/CRUCIFERAE
  Citation:  Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. in Roehl., Deustchl. Fl. (ed.3) 4: 713. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 156. 1872; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 31. 1982; Hajra et al. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 136. 1993; A.N. Henry & T. Ravish. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 211. 2005. Sinapis nigra L., Sp. Pl. 668. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadugu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Black mustard, Mustard
  Description: Annual, rigid, erect herb, 40-90(-120) cm high, branched, more or less hispid. Lower leaves lyrate, deeply pinnatifid or-sect, 6-20 x 4-12 cm; the upper smaller, sessile or short stalked, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, entire. Inflorescence a branched raceme, densely 40-50 flowered. Flowers ca 1.2 cm across; pedicels 3-5 mm long, ebracteate. Sepals erect-spreading, oblong, obtuse, 4-5 mm long, glabrous. Petals obovate, long-clawed, 8-10 mm long, bright yellow. Stamens ca 4 mm long. Fruits oblong, 1-2 cm x 1-2.5 mm; beak 2-3 mm long, seedless; valves keeled, torulose, 3-5 seeded in each locule; seeds ca 1 mm across, glabrous, dark brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Europe, North Africa, South West Asia and temperate parts of India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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