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  Brassica juncea
  Citation:  Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss. in Czern., Consp. Pl. Chark. 8. n. 5. 1859; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 157. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 38(28). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 69. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 7. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 64. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 54. 1990; Hajra et al. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 134. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 54. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 14. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 11. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 54. 2005; A.N. Henry & T. Ravish. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 210. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 88. 2009. Sinapis juncea L., Sp. Pl. 668. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaduku, Cherukaduku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, Mustard greens
  Description: Annual erect herbs; densely long-branched especially above, glabrous, subglaucous. Leaves simple, alternate, 20 x 10 cm, lower and basal petiolate with lamina irregularly dentate, with 1-3 pairs of lateral lobes, not auriculate; upper 5-10 x 1.5-3 cm, petiolate to subpetiolate, lanceolate or oblanceolate and acute, to obovate and obtuse, coarsely dentate to subentire, not auriculate. Inflorescence 15-30 cm long in fruit; pedicels 5-12 mm long, ascending. Sepals 3.5-4 mm long, oblong. Petals bright yellow, 4.5-8(-10) mm long, clawed with obovate limb. Anthers 1.5-2 mm broad with conical beak 5-7 mm long, midvein prominently keeled. Fruit a linear capsule, seeds 12-20, c. 1 mm diameter, dark reddish-brown, globose, finely reticulate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-July
  District(s): Kollam, Wayanad, Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Central and East Asia and Europe, cultivated
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vengoli, Valiyaparathode, Angamoozhy, Pandalam, Ponmudi, Alleppey town
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