Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Brachystelma swarupa
  Citation:  Brachystelma swarupa Kishore & Goyder, Kew Bull. 56: 210. 2001.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pakeda-kizhangu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennial tuberous herbs; stem tuber dorsiventrally compressed, prolate, elliptic, ca 8 x 6 x 3 cm; shoots erect, 30-60 cm tall, unbranched or sparsely branched, purplish brown, puberulent; buried part of stem 5-10 cm, smooth and white. Internodes 2-9 cm long, puberulent. Leaves opposite, decussate, 6-12 x 0.3-0.7 cm, narrowly lanceolate, base acute to attenuate, tip acute, margins puberulent; lateral nerves 20-22 pairs, faint subsessile, with a glandular scale on either side at the base in the axils, midrib puberulent, beneath, narrowly grooved above. Inflorescence terminal or axillary sessile umbelliform cyme, initially appearing pedunculate, but later flowers are pushed aside by the actively growing main stem. Flowers 24-28, drooping, developing centripetally, 3-4 mature flowers at a time; bracts and bracteoles linear, tip curved; pedicels filiform, 3.5-4.0 cm long, puberulent, becoming lengthened, erect and stout after fertilization. Sepals 5, 1.0 x 0.5 mm, narrowly ovate-acuminate, puberulent without. Corolla 6 mm across; tube short, deeply 5-partite, fully reflexed when mature; petals 2.5 x 1.0 mm long, glabrous, horizontally striate or spotted purplish-brown, elliptic-ovate, acute; 4-6 long cilia present near the rim of the tube, cilia 2-3 mm long. Gynostegium pale yellow, obtusely pentagonal, rarely purple spotted, 1.2 x 1.0 mm. Staminal corona pale yellow, lobes in two series; outer scales 5, alternating with stamens, taller than the gynostegium, 0.5 mm broad, connate and cupular, cup 5-ridged at the base, alternating grooves hairy outside, greenish along the margins, erect, tip bifid, glabrous, margins long- ciliate and keeled within; inner lobes 5, opposite the stamens and the ciliate grooves of the outer coronal cup, dark green, shorter than the outer coronal scales and the stamens, completely fused with the staminal filaments and without a free tip. Anther deep yellow, anther-wings present; pollinaria erect, corpuscle horny, brown, sagittate, provided with a large wing on either side; caudicles ascending, hyaline; pollinia, yellow, ovoid. Carpels 2, 1 mm long, narrow, free, style absent, stigma head pentangular, discoid, placed directly on the carpels, 0.7 mm across. Follicles 2, rarely one, 6-9 x 0.25-0.4 cm, narrow, terete-lanceolate, gradually narrowing towards the tip, slightly curved; placenta longitudinally grooved; fruiting pedicel straight; seeds 7 x 2 mm, narrowly elliptic, embryonic area yellow, margin winged, wing revolute, thick; coma 2.5 cm long, white.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple, Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
Kerala News Online