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  Brachiaria villosa
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Brachiaria villosa (Lam.) A. Camus in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 433. 1922; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 834. 1997. Panicum villosum Lam., Tab. Encycl. 1: 173. 1791, p.p.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals herbs, culms erect or geniculate, 9-25 cm tall; nodes bearded. Leaf: sheaths densely hirsute with tuberculate hairs, 1.2-3.7 cm long; ligule ciliate; blades ovate-oblong, 0.8-4 x 0.3-1.2 cm, densely hirsute on both surfaces, margins undulate, scaberulous, apex subacute. Racemes 2-7, erect or ascending, 0.3-1.2 cm long; rachis slender, triquetrous, flexuous, hairy. Pedicels short, with long hairs. Spikelets broadly ovate-oblong, 2-2.5 mm long; lower glume thinly membranous, broadly ovate-elliptic, 0.7-1 mm long, obscurely nerved, hispid on the back, apex rounded; upper glume membranous, elliptic, 1.2-1.8 mm long, gibbous, 3-5-nerved, hispid, with subapical fringe of bristle like hairs on the back, apex mucronulate; lower lemma membranous, ovate-oblong, 1.5-2 mm long, 3-5 nerved, hispid, with subapical fringe of bristle like hairs on the back, 2-keeled, apex mucronate; palea hyaline, oblong, 1.4-1.8 mm long, 2-keeled, margins inflexed, apex truncate; upper lemma coriaceous, broadly elliptic-oblong, 1.4-1.8 mm long, 5-nerved, glabrous, minutely rugulose, apex acute; palea chartaceous, broadly elliptic-oblong, 1.4-1.8 mm long, margins inflexed, apex acute. Lodicules 2. Stamens 3; anthers 0.8-1 mm long. Ovary linear, 0.5 mm long. Grain globose, 1. 1x 0.8 mm.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-November
  District(s): Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chokkad
   
 
   
 
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