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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Brachiaria reptans
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Brachiaria reptans (L.) Gard. & C.E.Hubb. in Hook., Ic. Pl. Subtab. 3363. 1938; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 224. 1991; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 506. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 377. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 833. 1997; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 825. 2009. Panicum reptans L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 870. 1759. Panicum prostratum Lam., Encycl. Tabl. 1: 171. 1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 33. 1896. Panicum javanicum sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 35. 1896, non Poir. 1816. Urochloa reptans (L.) Stapf in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Africa 9: 610. 1920; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1775(1230). 1934.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals. Culms 12-35 cm long, creeping, rooting at the nodes; nodes sparsely bearded. Leaves 1.5-6.5 x 0.3-0.8 cm, lanceolate, base rounded, apex acuminate; sheaths to 2.5 cm long, ciliate on one margin; ligule a row of hairs. Panicles 2.5-5.5 cm long, terminal; racemes 3-6 in number, alternate, 1-3.5 cm long. Spikelets 1.5-2 mm long, elliptic, acute; pedciels c. 1 mm long. Lower glume 0.5-1 mm long, obovate,1-3-nerved. Upper glume 1.5-2 mm long, ovate, acute, 5-nerved. Lower floret empty. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma 1.5-2 x 1 mm, broadly ovate, acute, 7-nerved. Palea 1.5-2 x 1 mm, ovate, 2-keeled, hyaline. Second lemma c. 1 x 1 mm, ovate, mucronate, crustaceous, rugulose. Palea c. 1 x 1 mm,ovate, crustaceous, 2-keeled. Stamens 3. Stigmas purple, plumose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Alappuzha, Idukki, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Tropical Asia; now introduced throughout the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, way to Munnar, Lock-hert gap, Thamarakulam, Manimooli
   
 
   
 
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