Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Brachiaria ramosa
  Citation:  Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa 9:542. 1919; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1770(1226). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 343. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 463. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 451. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 920. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 223. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 529. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 447. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 20. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 832. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 513. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 340. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 386. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 825. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 955. 2009. Panicum ramosum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 29. 1767; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 36. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chamapothaval
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals. Culms 20-70 cm long, decumbent; nodes glabrous or softly villous. Leaves 3-14 x 0.5-2.3 cm, linear-lanceolate, shallowly cordate or rounded at base, acuminate at apex, softly villous, stiff-scabrid along margins; sheaths 2-5 cm, densely pubescent; ligule a row of hairs. Racemes 5-14 in number, pseudopaniculate, each 2-6 cm long; rhachis angular. Spikelets 2.5-3 mm, broadly elliptic or ovate-elliptic, acute to cuspidate, pubescent or glabrous. Pedicels with or without long colourless hairs. Lower glume 1-1.5 x 2 mm, ovate or obovate, chartaceous, 7-nerved, softly hairy or glabrous. Upper glume 2.5-3 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, chartaceous, 7-nerved, softly hairy or glabrous. Lower floret empty. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma 2.5-3 x 2 mm, ovate, chartaceous, 5-nerved. Palea c. 2 x 0.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, hyaline, 2-keeled. Second lemma 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, mucronate, crustaceous, rugose. Palea c. 2 x 1 mm, ovate, crustaceous, 2-keeled. Stamens 3; anthers c. 1 mm long. Ovary c. 0.5 mm long; stigmas c. 1 mm long.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grasslands and moist deciduous forests, roadsides and wastelands
  Distribution: Africa and Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Thannikkudy, Thekkady, Thellikkal, Kuthiran R.F., Vellanikkara, Kodumon, Cannanore, Nileswar, Vettilachola, Sreekaryam, Kutiyadi, Pallana, R. Block, Kalavoor, Cochin, Nadugani ghats, Manimooli, Rosemalai Road
Kerala News Online