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  Brachiaria paspaloides
  Citation:  Brachiaria paspaloides (J. Presl ex C. Presl) C.E. Hubb. in Hook., Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3363. 2. 1938; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 342. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 919. 1990. Urochloa paspaloides J. Presl ex C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 318. 1830.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs, culms creeping, rooting at base, branching, erect flowering stems to 75 cm tall; leaf-sheaths keeled, with bulbous-based hairs on the margins and the keel, 4-5 cm. long; blades cordate at the base, linear-acuminate, hairy on the both faces with bulbous-based hairs and scabrid on the often purple margin, up to 15 cm long by 6 mm wide; ligule fringed with hairs, about 1.2 mm deep. Inflorescence well exserted, main axis soft-hairy, bearing usually 3 one-sided racemes, each with a flattened rachis and bearing the spikelets on one side in pairs alternately along both sides of the midrib, or sometimes on short branchlets of 3-4 spikelets near the base of the raceme, when paired, one spikelet sessile, the other pedicelled, pedicel 1-1.5 mm long. Spikelets many, about 4.2 x 1.5 mm; lower glumes 5-nerved, narrowly boat-shaped with a distinct point, glabrous, 3.2 mm long; upper glumes similarly shaped but not quite so pointed, 7-nerved, 3.8 mm long; lower floret neuter or male; lemma 5-nerved, similarly shaped, 3.6 mm long; palea nil; upper floret hermaphrodite; lemma indurated, light straw-coloured, the nerves evident, 2.6 mm long, with a very distinct apiculus 0.4 mm long, clasping the similarly indurated palea. A palea vestige about 0.4 mm long sometimes present with the lower lemma. Stamens 3; anthers yellow, 1.2 mm long. Stigmata purple. Caryopsis oval, flattened.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-March
  District(s): Malappuram, Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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