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  Brachiaria miliiformis
  Citation:  Brachiaria miliiformis (J. Presl ex C. Presl) A. Chase, Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. 22: 35. 1920; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1769(1226). 1934; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 567. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 220. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 528. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 505. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 377. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 513. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 340. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 806. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 824. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 955. 2009. Panicum miliforme J. Presl ex C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 300. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 37. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals or perennials. Culms 25-110 cm long, creeping, rooting from lower nodes; nodes glabrous. Leaves 2-20 x 0.3-1.2 cm, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base; sheaths glabrous or tubercled hairy; ligules fimbriate. Racemes 3-7 in number, 2.5-7 cm long; rachis flat. Spikelets 3.5-4 mm, elliptic or obovate, tapering and narrowed at base. Lower glume 1.5-2 x 1.5-2 mm, broadly ovate or obovate, 9-11-nerved. Upper glume 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, acute, 7-9-nerved. Lower floret empty, epaleate. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma ovate, acute, 5-7-nerved. Second lemma 2.5-3.5 x 1-1.5 mm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, acute, crustaceous, faintly 3-5-nerved, rugulose. Palea 2-3 x 1-1.5 mm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, crustaceous, 2-keeled, 2-nerved, rugulose. Stamens 3; anthers c. 1 mm, orange-red. Ovary c. 0.5 mm, elliptic; stigmas violet or dark-brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Degraded, moist and dry deciduous forests, roadsides and wastelands
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Champakkad, Moozhiar, Adoor, Mukkali dam site, Valanchakkanam, Kudamaloor, Mukkali forests, Attingal, Meppadi, Alleppey town, Champakulam, Nedumudy, Pallanthuruthy, Mannarshala, Athirumala
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