Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Brachiaria miliiformis
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Brachiaria miliiformis (J. Presl ex C. Presl) A. Chase, Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. 22: 35. 1920; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1769(1226). 1934; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 567. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 220. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 528. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 505. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 377. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 513. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 340. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 806. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 824. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 955. 2009. Panicum miliforme J. Presl ex C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 300. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 37. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals or perennials. Culms 25-110 cm long, creeping, rooting from lower nodes; nodes glabrous. Leaves 2-20 x 0.3-1.2 cm, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base; sheaths glabrous or tubercled hairy; ligules fimbriate. Racemes 3-7 in number, 2.5-7 cm long; rachis flat. Spikelets 3.5-4 mm, elliptic or obovate, tapering and narrowed at base. Lower glume 1.5-2 x 1.5-2 mm, broadly ovate or obovate, 9-11-nerved. Upper glume 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, acute, 7-9-nerved. Lower floret empty, epaleate. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma ovate, acute, 5-7-nerved. Second lemma 2.5-3.5 x 1-1.5 mm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, acute, crustaceous, faintly 3-5-nerved, rugulose. Palea 2-3 x 1-1.5 mm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, crustaceous, 2-keeled, 2-nerved, rugulose. Stamens 3; anthers c. 1 mm, orange-red. Ovary c. 0.5 mm, elliptic; stigmas violet or dark-brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded, moist and dry deciduous forests, roadsides and wastelands
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Champakkad, Moozhiar, Adoor, Mukkali dam site, Valanchakkanam, Kudamaloor, Mukkali forests, Attingal, Meppadi, Alleppey town, Champakulam, Nedumudy, Pallanthuruthy, Mannarshala, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online