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  Brachiaria decumbens
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Brachiaria decumbens Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa 9: 528. 1919; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 823. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennials. Culms 35-150 cm long, decumbent or creeping and rooting at the lower nodes. Leaves 3-24 x 0.5-1.5 cm, oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate, base rounded, apex acuminate, densely pubescent on both surfaces; sheaths upto 18 cm long, densely pubescent. Racemes 1-7 in number, 3-9 cm long; rhachis flat, ribbon-like. Spikelets 4-5 mm long, broadly elliptic or ovate-elliptic, acute, densely pubescent. Lower glume 2-3 x 2-2.5 mm, ovate, base cordate, apex acute, 9-nerved. Upper glume 4-4.5 x 2.5-3 mm, ovate-elliptic, densely hairy without, 5-nerved. Lower floret male. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma 4-4.5 x 2.5-3 mm, ovate-elliptic, hairy without, 5-nerved. Palea c. 4 x 3 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, delicate, 2-keeled. Stamens 3; anthers 2-2.5 mm long, yellow. Second lemma 3.5-4 x 2-2.5 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, mucronate, crustaceous. Palea c. 3.5 x 2 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, crustaceous, 2-keeled. Stamens 3; anthers 2-2.5 mm long, yellow. Stigma c. 1.5 mm long, plumose, purple.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Alappuzha
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Wasteplaces
  Distribution: Tropical Africa; introduced as a fodder grass in India, Australia and elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: S.L. Puram
   
 
   
 
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