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  Bothriochloa pertusa
  Citation:  Bothriochloa pertusa (L.) A. Camus, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon 76: 164. 1931; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 54. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 527. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 513. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 339. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 385. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 821. 2009. Holcus pertusus L., Mant. 2: 301. 1771. Amphilophis pertusa (L.) Nash ex Stapf, Agr. News. Bridge. 15: 179. 1916; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1731(1200). 1934. Andropogon pertusus (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 922. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 173. 1896. Dichanthium pertusum (L.) Clayton, Kew Bull. 32: 4. 1977.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennials. Culms 40-80 cm long, tufted, erect, creeping or geniculate; nodes bearded. Leaves 4-18 x 0.2-0.4 cm, oblong or lanceolate, apex acuminate, usually crowded at base, hairy, glaucous; sheaths to 7 cm long, keeled; ligule membranous. Racemes 2-7 on a peduncle, digitate or subdigitate, each one 3-6.5 cm long, pilose. Sessile spikelets 3-4 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate; lower glume 3-4 x 1 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, shortly 2-fid at apex, densely hairy below the middle, with a deep circular pit above the middle; upper glume oblong-lanceolate, equalling the lower; lower floret empty; upper floret bisexual; first lemma 2-3 x 1 mm, ovate-lanceolate; palea absent; second lemma 1-2 mm long, awn 1.5-2 cm long; palea absent; stamens 3; ovary oblong; stigmas 1-2 mm long, pink; grain oblong. Pedicelled spikelet 3-4 mm long; lower glume 3-4 x 1 mm, elliptic; upper glume equalling lower, lanceolate; lower floret similar to that of sessile spikelets; upper floret male or empty.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Grasslands and among bunds of fields, roadsides and open places
  Distribution: Arabia eastwards to South East Asia, Pakistan, India, Tropical Africa
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Palapetty, Thekkady, Vengoli, Kovalam, Muhamma
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