Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Bothriochloa pertusa
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Bothriochloa pertusa (L.) A. Camus, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon 76: 164. 1931; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 54. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 527. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 513. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 339. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 385. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 821. 2009. Holcus pertusus L., Mant. 2: 301. 1771. Amphilophis pertusa (L.) Nash ex Stapf, Agr. News. Bridge. 15: 179. 1916; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1731(1200). 1934. Andropogon pertusus (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 922. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 173. 1896. Dichanthium pertusum (L.) Clayton, Kew Bull. 32: 4. 1977.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennials. Culms 40-80 cm long, tufted, erect, creeping or geniculate; nodes bearded. Leaves 4-18 x 0.2-0.4 cm, oblong or lanceolate, apex acuminate, usually crowded at base, hairy, glaucous; sheaths to 7 cm long, keeled; ligule membranous. Racemes 2-7 on a peduncle, digitate or subdigitate, each one 3-6.5 cm long, pilose. Sessile spikelets 3-4 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate; lower glume 3-4 x 1 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, shortly 2-fid at apex, densely hairy below the middle, with a deep circular pit above the middle; upper glume oblong-lanceolate, equalling the lower; lower floret empty; upper floret bisexual; first lemma 2-3 x 1 mm, ovate-lanceolate; palea absent; second lemma 1-2 mm long, awn 1.5-2 cm long; palea absent; stamens 3; ovary oblong; stigmas 1-2 mm long, pink; grain oblong. Pedicelled spikelet 3-4 mm long; lower glume 3-4 x 1 mm, elliptic; upper glume equalling lower, lanceolate; lower floret similar to that of sessile spikelets; upper floret male or empty.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands and among bunds of fields, roadsides and open places
  Distribution: Arabia eastwards to South East Asia, Pakistan, India, Tropical Africa
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Palapetty, Thekkady, Vengoli, Kovalam, Muhamma
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online