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  Borassus flabellifer
  Citation:  Borassus flabellifer L., Sp. Pl. 1187. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 482. 1893; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1562(1090). 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 299. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 426. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 412. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 828. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 526. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 491. 1994; Renuka, Palms Kerala 19. 1999; Bayton, Kew Bull. 62: 572. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 714. 2009. Borassus flabelliformis Murr. in L., Syst. Veg. (ed. 13) 827. 1774.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ampana, Karimbana
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Palmyra palm
  Description: Trees to 40 m; stem obscurely hoped. Leaves simple, palmate, plicately multifid; leaflets 60-80, induplicate, apex acuminate; petiole stout, spinous, base broad, split. Spadices interfoliar, large, dioecious, branched; peduncle sheathed with open spathes. Male flowers small, clustered; bracts scaly, secund, overlapping. Sepals 3, oblong, to 3 mm. Petals 3, obovate-spathulate, to 2 mm. Stamens 6; anthers to 1 mm; pistillodes small, bristly. Female flowers large, globose. Perianth fleshy, accrescent. Sepals reniform, imbricate. Petals smaller, convolute. Ovary globose, entire or 3-or-1-cleft, 3-or 4-celled; ovules basal; stigmas 3, sessile, recurved; staminodes 6-9. Drupes to 13 cm across, globose, yellow when ripe, with 1-3 compressed pyrenes.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: In dry areas and along bunds in paddy fields
  Distribution: Native of Africa; introduced and cultivated in Indo-Malesia and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Nemmara, Cherthala, Pattanakadu
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