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  Bombax insigne
  Citation:  Bombax insigne Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 71. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 349. 1784; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 100(71). 1915; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 87. 1990; M.P. Nayar & Biswas in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 398. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 38. 1995; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 104. 2002; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9,16; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 64. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 40. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 31. 2002; S.K. Srivastava & K. Vivek. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 444. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 160. 2009. Bombax scopulorum Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 100(72). 1915; M.P. Nayar & Biswas in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 399. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 35. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 93. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Poola, Kallilavu, Ilavu, Parei-ilavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Silk cotton tree
  Description: Deciduous trees; to 25 m high; bole buttressed, straight armed with conical prickles; bark 20-25 mm, grey to greyish-brown, smooth, fibrous; blaze pink, striated with radial triangular rays; branches whorled, branchlets prickly. Leaves digitately compound, alternate, crowded at the tip of branchlets, stipulate; stipules small, lateral; rachis 15-30 cm long, stout, pubescent, swollen at base, grooved above; leaflets 6-8, whorled; petiolule 3-8 mm long, stout, pubescent; lamina 7-23 x 2-7 cm, obovate, obovate-oblong, or elliptic-obovate; base attenuate; apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate; margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral veins 15-22 pairs, pubescent, parallel almost perpendicular to the midrib, prominent, secondary laterals prominent; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, pale pink or creamy yellow, solitary, axillary; calyx irregularly lobed, 3-5 cm long, campanulate, densely silky within; petals 5, 8-12 x 2.5 cm, linear-oblong, narrowed at base, curved at apex, tomentose out side; stamens about 500 in 5 bundles; anthers dorsifixed, reniform; ovary ovoid, tomentose, superior, syncarpous; ovules numerous on axile placenta; style long ending in 5-fid stigma. Fruit a capsule, 5-angled, 8-10 x 4-4.5 cm, 5 valved, glabrous; seeds many, 4-5 mm across, subobovoid, brownish-black, embedded in dense creamy silky fibres.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad
  Habitat: Rocky areas in evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Peechi, Koruthode, Parambikulam, Choothuporathupara, Pathenthode, Thenmalai, Karamanayar region
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