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  Boerhavia diffusa
 
  Family: NYCTAGINACEAE
  Citation:  Boerhavia diffusa L., Sp. Pl. 3. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1162(814). 1925; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 330. 1989; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 242. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 328. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 310. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 373. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 657. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 383. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 373. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 292. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 366. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 252. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 556. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 327. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 256. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 252. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 586. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 665. 2009. Boerhavia repens L., Sp. Pl. 3. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 709. 1885; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 404. 2005. Boerhavia procumbens Banks ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 148. 1820.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thamizhama, Thavizhama, Thazhuthama, Thumizhama, Tharana
  Tamil name(s): Punarnava
  English name(s): Hogweed, Pigweed, Spreading hogweed
  Description: Herbs with long trailing branches; stem reddish, tomentose. Leaves simple, unequal, ovate, obtuse, undulate along margins, truncate to subcordate at base, tomentose, very variable in size; petiole to 1 cm long. Flowers 4 mm long, 4-10 together, in axillary or terminal, peduncled umbels; bracts 5, ovate, glandular. Perianth pink. Stamens 3. Capsule 3 x 1 mm, clavate, 5-ribbed, glandular.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests and also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Thenmala, Chinnar, Kumily, Chindaki forest, Rockpoint, Thekkady, Tiruvalla, Sreekantapuram, Taliparamba, Chinnar to Marayur, Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, Kasaragod, Punnapra, Nellikuth, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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