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  Blepharis integrifolia
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Blepharis integrifolia (L. f.) E. Mey. ex Schinz, Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 60: 416. 1915; Vollesen, Blepharis Taxon. Rev. 173. 2000. Acanthus integrifolius L. f., Suppl. Pl. 294. 1782. Acanthus repens Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 76. 1791. Blepharis molluginifolia Pers., Syn. Pl. 2. 180. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 479. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1013(712). 1924. Blepharis repens (Vahl) Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 321. 1821; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 334. 1988; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 659. 1982; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 232. 1999; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 609. 2009. Blepharis lawsonii G.S.Giri & R.N.Banerjee, Blumea 28: 363. 1983 p.p. quod T.A. Rao 8115.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much branched creeping herbs; stems terete, often rooting at the nodes. Leaves simple, verticillate, usually 4 at nodes, sessile, obovate, 5-7 x 2.5-4 mm, coriaceous or subcoriaceous apex rounded or shortly mucronate, margin entire; lateral nerves obscure, younger leaves often sparsely setose. Flowers axillary, solitary, sessile; bracts 2, oblong, 0.75- 1.0 x 0.5-0.75 mm, apex apiculate, trinerved, margin setose ciliate towards apex; bacteoles 8 (4 pairs) apex acuminate, margin long ciliate, reticulate. Sepals 4 in two opposite pairs; membranous, outside puberulous, inside glabrous, margin ciliated, reticulate; outer pair larger, anterior sepal oblong or oblong- lanceolate, 8.5-9.5 x 2.5-3.0 mm, apex acute, trinerved, posterior sepal lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 8.5-9.5 x 2.0-2.5 mm, apex bifid, binerved; inner pair, smaller, lanceolate, 7.0-7.5 x 2.0-2.5 mm, apex acuminate, uninerved. Corolla bilabiate; tube 3.5-4.5 mm long, outside glabrous, inside with a ring of plumose hairs below the attachment of stamens; upper lip very short or rudimentary; lower lip 5.5- 6.5 mm long, trilobed, middle lobe smaller, densely covered with hooked or deflexed white hairs inside. Stamens 4, equal, filaments 1.25-1.5 mm long, thicker at the base, glabrous, prolonged above the insertion of the anther; anthers 1.5-1.75 x 0.5 mm, one- celled, margin and apex long ciliated. Ovary cylindrical, 1.5 mm long, glabrous, style 2.5-3.0 mm long, glabrous, base of the style produced downwards encircling the top of the ovary forming an inverted cup-like structure, stigma inconspicuous.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Idukki, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Cannanore
   
 
   
 
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