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  Biophytum longipedunculatum
  Citation:  Biophytum longipedunculatum Govind., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 312. 1996; Manna in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 234. 1997; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 65. 2000; N.P. Balakr. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 572. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual, to 40 cm high; stems unbranched, woody, densely retrorsely strigose above. Leaves obovate, 7.5-12 x 2-3 cm; stipules linear-lanceolate, to 3 mm long; rachises adaxially sulcate, strigose, barren below; leaflets 9-18 pairs, asymmetric, thick at margin, cuspidate at apex, densely appressed-strigose above, glabrous at margin and beneath; terminal leaflets obovate, oblique, (13-) 8 x (6-) 10 mm; lateral leaflets elliptic or oblong, oblique at base, slightly undulate, 15-20 x 7-8(-10) mm. Peduncles 14-23 cm long, densely hairy; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 1-1.3 mm long, hairy at margin, 1-nerved. Flowers 6-8 in an umbel; pedicels 7-10 mm long, strigose. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 3-3.5 x 0.2-0.3 mm, usually 7-nerved, sparsely strigose on nerves. Petals obovate, rounded at apex, 3.5-4.5 x 0.5-0.6 mm, 4-nerved. Filaments ca 2.5 mm long. Ovary ellipsoid-ovoid, 5-lobed, 1-1.5 x 0.4-0.8 mm, pubescent; ovules 3 or 4 in each locule; styles ca 0.5 mm long; stigma discoid. Capsules obovoid, ca 3 x 2.8 mm, hairy; seeds bipyramidal, 4-gonous, acute at both ends, ca 1 x 0.8 mm, sparsely and unevenly tubercled, reddish brown and arillate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-November
  District(s): Thrissur
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 250-800
  Localities: Anakkayam
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