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  Bhidea burnsiana
  Citation:  Bhidea burnsiana Bor, Kew Bull. 1948: 445. 1949; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 450. 1985; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 45. 1991.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herbs, culms 10-30 cm high, erect; upper nodes villous, lower ones glabrous. Leaves lanceolate, 2-12 x 0.1-0.3 cm, midrib prominent, margins serrulate; sheaths keeled; ligules membranous, fimbriate at apex. Racemes 1 or 2, 1-4 cm long, shortly exserted from spathes; joints turbinate, 2-3 mm long, slightly oblique at apex, coriaceous, densely villous on one side. Spikelets greenish-yellow, in groups of 2, one sessile, the other pedicelled. Sessile spikelets lanceolate, 6-7 mm long(excluding an arista, 2-3 mm), awned callus c.1 mm, densely villous; lower glume lanceolate, 6-7 x 1-1.5 mm, acuminate, coriaceous, faintly 3-5 nerved, keels broadly winged, wings unequal in width, hyaline; upper glume 3-lobed, 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm, with a broad arista 2-3 mm long, subcoriaceous, faintly 5-7-nerved, margins hyaline; lemma notched, 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm, awned, chartaceous, margins hyaline, awns 15-20 mm long, geniculate: column 6-7 mm, chestnut brown, bristle pale, scaberulous; palea ovate-acute, c. 1 x 0.5 mm, delicate, hyaline; stamens 3, anthers 1-2 mm long, cream coloured; ovary c. 0.5 mm, oblong; styles 1.5-2 mm long, slender; stigmas c. 1 mm long, cream coloured; grain oblong, 1.5-2 x 0.5 mm. Pedicelled spikelets oblique-lanceolate, 6-7 mm long, empty; pedicels turbinate, 2-3 mm long, densely villous on one side; callus sparsely bearded; lower glume oblique-lanceolate, 6-7 x 1.5-2 mm, chartaceous, faintly 3-5-nerved, broadly winged on one side, wing hyaline; upper glume lanceolate, 6-7 x 1mm, chartaceous, faintly 3-nerved, keeled, margins delicate, hyaline.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Kasaragode, Kannur
  Habitat: Dry rocky grasslands
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Localities: Periya, Mugu Road
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