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  Bhesa indica
  Citation:  Bhesa indica (Bedd.) Ding Hou, Blumea Suppl. 4: 152. 1958; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 115. 1984; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 105. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 65. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 66. 1998; K. Ramam. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 77. 2000; K. Ramam. & P. Venu in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 697. 2005. Trochisandra indica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 120. 1872. Kurrimia bipartita Lawson in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 622. 1875. Kurrimia indica (Bedd.) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 209(149). 1918. Kurrimia paniculata sensu Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 622. 1875 p.p. non Wall. ex Arn. 1836.
  Malayalam Name(s): Penali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high; bark 5-6 mm thick, grey mottled with greenish-white; brittle; blaze creamy brown, surface slimy. Leaves simple, alternate, stipule large, deciduos; petiole 16-60 mm, stout, swollen at base and tip, glabrous; lamina 7-22 x 1.6-12 cm, broadly elliptic-ovate, oblong, ovate to lanceolate, base obtuse or subtruncate, apex acute, mucronate, margin entire glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 15-20 pairs, parallel, ascending, prominent, regular, arched towards the margin; intercostae scalariform. Flowers bisexual, in terminal panicles, 6-8 mm across, pale yellow; calyx deeply 5-fid, lobes imbricate; petals 5, deflexed; disc fleshy, 5-lobed; stamens 5, inserted below the margin of disc, filaments subulate; ovary ovoid, seated on the disc, 2-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; styles two, free, stigma small, capitate. Fruit a capsule, 3-3.7 cm long, two lobed, two valved, lobes flat, divergent, reddish-brown; seeds 1-3, fleshy with aril.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Thrissur, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-2000
  Localities: Sholayar, Alvarakurichi, Vellimala, Nelluyampathy forests
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