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  Bergia capensis
  Citation:  Bergia capensis L., Mant. Pl. 2: 241. 1771; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 69(49). 1915; N.C. Nair et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 223. 1981; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 40. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 78. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 42. 1990; Jayasri in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 34. 1993; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 66. 1991; V.P. Prasad in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 322. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 105. 2009. Bergia verticillata Willd., Sp. Pl. (ed.4) 770. 1799; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 252. 1874. Bergia aquatica Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 142. 1800. Elatine verticillata (Willd.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 41. 1834.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs, main stem creeping; branches erect or ascending, to 40 cm high, rooting at lower nodes; stems to 35 cm long, glabrous, reddish or pink, fleshy. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate at base, minutely serrate at margin, acute at apex, 3-3.6 x 0.6-0.7 cm; midnerve very prominent and purplish beneath, sunken above; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, alternate except basal ones, distinct beneath, faint above; stipules ovate or lanceolate, acuminate at apex, dentate to ciliate at margin, ca 3.5 mm long, membranous. Flowers ca 1 mm across, in dense axillary clusters; pedicels ca 1.5 mm long, glabrous. Sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, entire at margin, acuminate at apex with a blunt swollen tip, ca 1.2 mm long. Petals 3, oblong or subspatulate, obtuse at apex, ca 1.5 mm long pink. Stamens 5, ca 1.2 mm long. Carpels 5, connate; ovary globose; styles 5. Capsules globose, ca 1.5 mm with 5 longitudinal furrows, breaking into 5 valves; seeds numerous, minute, oblong or obovoid, reticulate, brownish.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Kottayam, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Ernakulam, Thrissur
  Habitat: Fallow lands, paddy fields and grasslands
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Changanassery, Ambalapuzha, Aroor
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