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  Bergia ammannioides
 
  Family: ELATINACEAE
  Citation:  Bergia ammannioides Roxb. ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 219. 1821; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 251. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 69(50). 1915; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 41. 1990; Jayasri in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 33. 1993; V.P. Prasad in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 321. 2005. Elatine ammannioides (Roxb. ex Roth) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 41. 1834. Bergia ammannioides Roxb. ex Roth var. pentandra Wight, Illustr. 54, t. 25a. 1840.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect, ascending or decumbent herbs, often deep-rooted; branches usually opposite; stems terete, slightly swollen at nodes, frequently woody at base, glandular-pubescent, often purple-shaded. Leaves desussate, subsessile, elliptic, oblong or obovate-oblong, cuneate at base, shortly dentate-serrate at margin, acute at apex, 5-25 x 2-6 mm; midnerve very prominent and glandular beneath, sunken but prominent above; lateral nerves 3 or 4 pairs, alternate; stipules ovate-lanceolate or narrowly 3-angled, acuminate at apex, ca 1.5x 0.6 mm, glandular hairy at margin. Flowers ca 1 mm across, in axillary fascicles; pedicels ca 1.5 mm long, pilose. Sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, ca 1-1.3 x ca 0.5 mm, hyaline and ciliate at margin. Petals 3, elliptic, obtuse at apex and often apiculate, as long as sepals, membranous, white or pinkish. Stamens 3, ca 1 mm long. Carpels 5, connate; ovary globose; styles 5, recurved. Capsules globose, ca 1.5 mm, with 5 longitudinal furrows, dehiscing into 5 valves at maturity; seeds numerous, minute, oblong or subcylindric, reticulate, shining, brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-March
  District(s): Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Fallow lands, paddy fields and grasslands
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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