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  Bauhinia racemosa
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Bauhinia racemosa Lam., Encycl. 1: 390. 1785; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 276. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 406(288). 1919; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 90. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 162. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 179. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 5. 1992; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 17. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 160. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 228. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 109. 1999; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 319. 2009. Piliostigma racemosa (Lam.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 262. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aathi, Arampali, Malamandaram, Malayathi, Mandaram, Kotapuli, Kudambulimandaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees to 10 m high, bark grey to black, rough, thinly scaly, with numerous vertical cracks; blaze pinkish-red, turning brown on exposure. Leaves simple, bilobed, alternate; stipules small, cauducous; petiole 10-33 mm long, slender, pubescent, swollen at base and at tip; leaves 2-5 x 3.5-11 cm, broader than long, ovate-orbicular, base cordate, apex obtuse, bilobed and mucronate at cleft, margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent beneath, coriaceous; 7-9 nerves from the base, palmate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 10-12 mm across, yellowish-white, in terminal and leaf opposed few flowered racemes; bracts and bracteoles 2-3 toothed, minute, pubescent; pedicel 1-2 mm, slender; calyx spathaceous, reflexed, 5-toothed at apex, puberulous; petals 5, 1.5 x 0.2 cm, linear-oblong; stamens 10, all perfect; filaments equal, filiform, pilose at base; anthers versatile; ovary half-inferior, stalked, pubescent, ovules many; style filiform; stigma peltate. Fruit a pod 15-22 x 1.5-2 cm, oblong, blackish-brown, turgid, apex horned indehiscent; seeds 10-20, ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-December
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kuttar, Mukkali forests, Chindaki forest, Panthenthode border, Kannoth R.F., Dhoni R. F., Thadikundu area, Vazhikadavu
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