Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Bauhinia purpurea
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Bauhinia purpurea L., Sp. Pl. 375. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 284. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 407(288). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 94. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 140. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 213. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 179. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 5. 1992; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 201. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 248. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 319. 2009. Phanera purpurea (L.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 262. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chuvannamandaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Purple Bauhinia, Butterfly tree, Camel's foot tree, Geranium tree, Orchid tree
  Description: A medium sized tree with ashy to dark brown bark, young parts pubescent. Leaves petiolate, petiole 2.5-5 cm long, lamina 7.0-18 cm long, rather longer than broad, 9-11 nerved, cleft about halfway down into 2 acute or rounded lobes, minutely pubescent below when young. Inflorescence few flowered panicles at the ends of the branches. Flowers pedicellate, pedicel c. 5-13 mm long; tomentose, bract c. 3 mm long, bracteole c. 2 mm long. Hypanthium 7-10 mm long. Calyx c. 2.5-3.0 cm long, usually splitting into two reflexed segments, one emarginate the other 3 toothed. Petals 3.7-5 cm long, oblanceolate, long clawed, spreading, veined. Stamens usually 3 fertile, others reduced to antherless filaments. Ovary downy, long stalked; style long, stigma oblique. Pod 15-25 cm long, c. 1.5-2 cm broad; stalk c. 2 cm long. Seeds 12-15, almost round, c. 1.2-1.3 cm in diameter, brown, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Often cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Mukkali forests, Anaikatty, Kasaragod, Aroor
Kerala News Online