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  Barringtonia acutangula
  Citation:  Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 97, t.101. 1790; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 508. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 487(344). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 109. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 183. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 160. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 162. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 251. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 185. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 266. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 122. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 219. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 291. 2009. Eugenia acutangula L., Sp. Pl. 471. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attampu, Attupera, Aattuvanchimaram, Adambu, Attupezhu, Cheriyasamskaravadi, Neerpezhu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian oak, Small indian oak
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, bark 10-12 mm thick, surface dark brown, rough, rich in tannin; blaze yellow; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered towards the tip of branchlets; stipules lateral, cauducous; petiole 6-12 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 7-18 x 2.5-7 cm, oblanceolate, obovate or elliptic-obovate, base cuneate, or attenuate, apex obtuse, round or subacute, margin finely serrate, glabrous, subcoriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 6-8 mm across, red, in terminal pendulous racemes; bracts small, deciduous; calyx tube campanulate, adnate to the ovary; lobes 4, ovate, acute, imbricate; petals 4, ovate, obtuse, imbricate, basally connate, adnate to the staminal tube; stamens many, in several rows; filaments exserted, filiform, 1.5 cm long, pink, connate below; ovary inferior, 2 mm, 2-celled, ovules 6-8 in each cell; style to 2 cm, filiform; stigma small. Fruit a fibrous berry, 2.5-3.8 cm long, oblong-ovoid, bluntly quadrangular; seed one, ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along riverbanks and water courses
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Orukomban, Canoli, Pampa valley, Sreekantapuram, Thenmalai, Choolatheruvu
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